Abstract metal works
Jorge Oteiza (21 october 1908 – 9 april 2003)
He is considered an important pioneer of abstract sculpture in Spain. The basic shapes for his abstraction are the square and the sphere.
Jorge Oteiza was born in 1908, in Orio, in the autonome Basque region in Spain. He assimilated the impact of sculptor Henry Moore’s work and developed what he called his ‘intención experimental’ (experimental purpose). This work arose out of his notion that all artistic practice surges from a void that eventually reaches a nothing that is everything. Oteiza’s ideas of experimentation and spirituality put into practice the process of emptying simple geometric forms such as the cylinder, sphere, and cube.
In 1958, Oteiza began working on his highly geometric, matter-free spatial signs. The sculptor interpreted the void within these works as a point of arrival and the sign that one process has concluded and another is beginning. Empty Box with Large Opening (1958), for instance, belongs to the last great series known as Empty Boxes (Cajas vacías, 1957–58) and represents a remarkably subtle box, where space and form flow much more openly than they do in other components of the same series.
His work has been installed in numerous international exhibitions, including the Venice Biennial (1976, 1988) and Qu’est-ce que la sculpture moderne? (1986) at the Centre Pompidou, Paris.
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